In chapter 17 an essential concept which helps with the effectiveness of any situation is that assessing organizational effectiveness is an important topic for an array of people such as managers, job hunters, stockholders, government agencies, and OB specialists. There are four generic approaches it mentions which are goal accomplishment, resource acquisition, internal processes, and strategic constituencies satisfaction. Even though there are four main approaches the most significant one seems to be goal accomplishment. In order for any type of business to run smoothly they have to have a goal which they are aiming for. This will make it easier for them to go about accomplishing anything they want to be seen in their business.
Philip Selznick explains in his article titled American Sociological Review that trade unions, governments, business corporations, political parties, are all formal structures in the sense that they represent rationally ordered instruments for the achievement of stated goals. Philip mentions that through the goals businesses set, it is easier to facilitate the accomplishment of some agreed purpose through the allocation of functions and responsibilities. Goal setting and accomplishment is seen as a system of coordinated activities or forces of many persons. As illustrated by Philip having a mind set on goal accomplishment is vital for any business or structure to be effective.
Source: Selznick, Philip. "FOUNDATIONS OF THE THEORY OF ORGANIZATION." American Sociological Review 13.1 (1948): 25-35. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 19 Apr. 2010.